Jamaican / West Indian women recruits for the Auxiliary Territorial Service in 1943 (women's branch of the Army in the UK). Afro-Caribbeans are the descendants of West Africans shipped in the slave trade to the West Indies (to English, French, Dutch, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies founded from the 16th century). Since World War II many Afro-Caribbeans have migrated to North America and to Europe, especially to the USA, the UK, and the Netherlands.
Smock; English, 1575-1585. In Queen Elizabeth I's New Year's Gifts of 1588-9, this entry is listed: 'one smock of fyne Holland cloth, fair wrought with black silk'. The embroidery on this pictured smock (V&A Museum) includes an eglantine rose and a Tudor rose; the Queen was given many similar blackwork garments.