Alan B. Shepard, Jr., seated in the cockpit of Freedom 7, the Mercury space capsule, before launch, 5 May 1961. Vintage NASA Mercury Space Program Photos

Alan B. Shepard, Jr., seated in the cockpit of Freedom 7, the Mercury space capsule, before launch, 5 May 1961. Vintage NASA Mercury Space Program Photos

Apollo 9 was the third manned mission in the United States Apollo space program and the first flight of the Command/Service Module (CSM) with the Lunar Module (LM). Its three-person crew, consisting of Commander James McDivitt, Command Module Pilot David Scott, and Lunar Module Pilot Rusty Schweickart, tested several aspects critical to landing on the Moon, including the LM engines, backpack life support systems, navigation systems, and docking maneuvers.

Apollo 9 was the third manned mission in the United States Apollo space program and the first flight of the Command/Service Module (CSM) with the Lunar Module (LM). Its three-person crew, consisting of Commander James McDivitt, Command Module Pilot David Scott, and Lunar Module Pilot Rusty Schweickart, tested several aspects critical to landing on the Moon, including the LM engines, backpack life support systems, navigation systems, and docking maneuvers.

Vostok 1 (Russian: Восток-1, East 1 or Orient 1) - the first spaceflight in the Vostok program and the first human spaceflight in history

Vostok 1 (Russian: Восток-1, East 1 or Orient 1) - the first spaceflight in the Vostok program and the first human spaceflight in history

Every US space mission from Mercury to Apollo-Soyuz with astronauts color-coded by selection group.

Every US space mission from Mercury to Apollo-Soyuz with astronauts color-coded by selection group.

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