Black Ivory: History of British Slavery by James Walvin; This social history looks at African slavery & the Atlantic slave trade which, in the space of 300 years, transported more than 11m Africans to the Americas & the Caribbean - with millions more dying en route. book shows how the British maritime trade & power were transformed by the Atlantic slave trade, & how ports like Bristol, Liverpool & London grew into international trading centres on the backs of the slaves.
"Queen Sophia Charlotte was queen consort of the United Kingdom and wife to King George III of Britain. She is a direct descendant of the Sousa family, a black branch of the Portuguese Royal House. Her appearance was black, with full lips and distinct facial features. Artists of the 18th century were asked to tone down “extreme” features of their subjects, but Sir Allan Ramsay, an anti-slavery artist, always painted Queen Charlotte in her actual appearance."
'Another London' photography exhibition at Tate Britain, London
Commenting on his photography 4 the Black Panther Movement in the UK, photographer Neil Kenlock recalls “Pple were calling us all sorts of names in the streets & painting graffiti everywhere. In school, there was no black history...If you asked the teachers where black people came from, they would say: ‘Somewhere in Africa, up a tree,’ & that’s it. So w/ the Black Panther movement we had educational classes, public meeting & lectures."