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Semitic Languages

Language of Europe, superimposed over the political borders. What struck me: Basque and Hungarian have their own categories. Technically, so does Maltese, but that’s a semitic language and related to Arabic and Hebrew, among others. Also, “other...

The ancestry of the Roman alphabet from Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs) to Semetic (early Hebrew) to Phoenician to Greek. (J, U, and W were late additions to the Roman alphabet.) The Ancient Egyptian name for their own writing system was "Metu Neter" - meaning divine speech. "Hieroglyphs" is a Greek word - "hieros" means "sacred", "glyph" means writing.

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Greek Alphabet Greek civilization laid the foundation for many of the accomplishments of the western world. the Greeks took the Phoenician or North Semitic alphabet and changed five consonants to vowels. Greeks applied geometric structure and order to the uneven Phoenician characters, converting them into art forms of great harmony and beauty. greeks developed Boustrophedon writing method-for every other line reads in the opposite direction.

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The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets. The oldest known inscriptions in this alphabet date from about 500 BC. Its origins are not known, though one theory is that it developed from the Byblos alphabet. The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script. Sabaean, an extinct Semitic language once spoken in Saba, the biblical Sheba, in southern Arabia.

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The Ugaritic script is a cuneiform used from around either the 1400/1300 BC for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra), Syria, in 1928. It has 30 letters. Other languages (particularly Hurrian) were occasionally written in the Ugaritic script.

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Sabaean, an extinct Semitic language once spoken in Saba, the biblical Sheba, in southern Arabia. The Sabaean or Sabaic alphabet is one of the south Arabian alphabets. The oldest known inscriptions in this alphabet date from about 500 BC. Its origins are not known, though one theory is that it developed from the Byblos alphabet. The Sabaean alphabet is thought to have evolved into the Ethiopic script.

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