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John McCrae - Canadian World War I poet

John McCrae - Canadian World War I poet and surgeon during the Second Battle of Ypres. Member of Canadian Expeditionary Force. 30 November 1872 – 28 January 1918.

WWI. ‘Sammy’, the mascot of the Northumberland Fusiliers, was gassed during the Second Battle of Ypres which began on 22 April 1915.


Map of the Ypres Salient to show the area of ground gained by the Germans by the end of the day on 22 April 1915.

During the Third Ypres offensive, in the Battle of Broodseinde, Passchendaele Area in Belgium on the 4th of October 1917. A German Regimental Commander, second from the left, with his Adjutant and Staff being held as prisoners of war in an enclosure at St Jean. This group were captured in a dugout at Poelcapelle.


Great Grandfather Alfred James Darby: Lost his life at the Battle of Festubert. The village is pictures shortly after the battle in May 1915


The second battle of Ypres was the first time people (German)used chlorine gas as a weapon. Germans had on gas masks(which they invented)when they used chlorine gas as a grenade. This weapon was illegal in war and if you were caught with it you would be killed. 6,000 people died of suffer-cation due to gas or from the ensuing attack. The interesting fact is that although the Germans were unfair the Canadians held their ground and never lost to Them.


First world war: Report on the German use of gas during the second battle of Ypres

German storm troopers, led by an officer, emerge from a thick cloud of phosgene poison gas laid by German forces as they attack British trench lines. Photograph: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis