Saturn was a major god presiding over time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of abundance and peace by many Roman authors. . Saturn is the namesake of both Saturn, the planet, and Saturday (dies Saturni). He was identified in classical antiquity with the Greek deity Cronus.
CRONUS (Roman SATURN) was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own son, Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus.
Saturn - Mythology — “Chronos, or Saturn, Dionysos, Hyperion, Atlas, Hercules, were all connected with ‘a great Saturnian continent;’ they were kings that ruled over countries on the western shores of the Mediterranean, Africa and Spain. ” - Baldwin, Prehistoric Nations