Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege, when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine force. The Persians turned back to meet them, but were then attacked by the main army from inside the city. A determined attack by a Byzantine unit led to the loss of the Persian general's flag, causing the panicking Persians to retreat.

Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege, when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine force. The Persians turned back to meet them, but were then attacked by the main army from inside the city. A determined attack by a Byzantine unit led to the loss of the Persian general's flag, causing the panicking Persians to retreat.

Clibanarius Sassanid, VII Century AD. Example of the type of Persian cavalryman who brought the Eastern Roman Empire to its knees under Chosroes, overrunning Syria, Palestine and Egypt by 617, and leading directly to the overthrow of the Roman Emperor Phocas by the African Exarch Heraclius.

Clibanarius Sassanid, VII Century AD. Example of the type of Persian cavalryman who brought the Eastern Roman Empire to its knees under Chosroes, overrunning Syria, Palestine and Egypt by 617, and leading directly to the overthrow of the Roman Emperor Phocas by the African Exarch Heraclius.

The Pahlavi Crown  This crown was used by Reza Shah, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, in his coronation on 25 April 1926. His son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, also used the crown in his coronation on 26 Oct. 1967.The crown made of red velvet, gold, and silver. It has a total height of 29.8 cm. and has a width of 19.8 cm. It weighs 2,080 grams. The are 3,380 diamonds employed on the crown, totalling 1,144 cts. The largest is a brilliant-cut yellow diamond of 60 cts.

The Pahlavi Crown This crown was used by Reza Shah, the founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, in his coronation on 25 April 1926. His son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, also used the crown in his coronation on 26 Oct. 1967.The crown made of red velvet, gold, and silver. It has a total height of 29.8 cm. and has a width of 19.8 cm. It weighs 2,080 grams. The are 3,380 diamonds employed on the crown, totalling 1,144 cts. The largest is a brilliant-cut yellow diamond of 60 cts.

Detail of a 4th century CE gilded plate from the Sasanian period depicting a hunting scene. The capital of the Sassanid Persian Empire: Seleucia-Ctesiphon (near modern-day Baghdad) was one of the largest cities in the world. Freer and Sackler Galleries of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.  Photo by Babylon Chronicle

Detail of a 4th century CE gilded plate from the Sasanian period depicting a hunting scene. The capital of the Sassanid Persian Empire: Seleucia-Ctesiphon (near modern-day Baghdad) was one of the largest cities in the world. Freer and Sackler Galleries of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Photo by Babylon Chronicle

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