Born on January 13, 1808, in Cornish, New Hampshire, Salmon P. Chase studied law and became an abolitionist as a young man. He went on to serve in the U.S. Senate and as governor of Ohio. He later worked as President Abraham Lincoln's secretary of the treasury during the Civil War, creating the foundation for America's current taxation and currency system. Chase was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1864. He died in New York City in 1873.
Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808 – May 7, 1873) was an American politician and jurist who served as the sixth Chief Justice of the United States from 1864 to his death in 1873. Earlier in his career, Chase was the 23rd Governor of Ohio and a U.S. Senator from Ohio prior to service under Abraham Lincoln as the 25th Secretary of the Treasury.