During 1869, Settlers were angry at the HBC for proceeding with a sale of Ruperts land without consulting them. Also angry at surveyors, who were laying out square township with no regard of their traditional strip lots. In an effort to preserve the rights of his people, Riel organized bands of Metis to observe and confront the surveyors in the summer.
William Mactavish was a Scottish-born representative of the Hudson's Bay Company, who acted as governor of Rupert's Land and Assiniboia prior to the transfer of Rupert's Land to Canada and the creation of the province of Manitoba in 1870
The Metis people were angry at the HBC who were selling Rupert's Land without consulting with them. Louis Riel organized bands of Metis to observe and confront surveyors who were laying out square townships. One week later, a Metis National Committee was formed to fight for Metis concerns about their land. Also several Metis seized Fort Garry and its weapons. A list of rights were made as a result, along with a provisional government who held order and negotiated agreements for the…
Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) Farm Lands advertisement, December 1930: By the terms of the Deed of Surrender, which came into effect in 1870, the HBC surrendered its territorial rights in Rupert's Land to the Crown. In compensation, it was granted blocks of land around its fur trade posts. The HBC was also granted almost seven million acres of farm land in the "Fertile Belt" of the southern prairies. Farm land and town lot sales were a major part of their business for some decades.