Runic Alphabets - they served for divinatory and ritual purposes, as well as the more practical use; there are three main types of Runes; Germanic, Scandinavian/Norse, and Anglo-Saxon and they each have any number of variations, depending on the region from which they originate
Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
The ancestry of the Roman alphabet from Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs) to Semetic (early Hebrew) to Phoenician to Greek. (J, U, and W were late additions to the Roman alphabet.) The Ancient Egyptian name for their own writing system was "Metu Neter" - meaning divine speech. "Hieroglyphs" is a Greek word - "hieros" means "sacred", "glyph" means writing.