On this day, Feb 28, 1854, the United States Republican Party is founded by anti-slavery expansion activists (ex-Whigs, ex-Free Soilers, and modernizers). It is commonly called GOP, standing for Grand Old Party. Abraham Lincoln was the country's first Republican President, whose term was 1861-1865.
Republican Party Platform of 1956: Our great President Dwight D. Eisenhower has counseled us further: "In all those things which deal with people, be liberal, be human. In all those things which deal with people's money, or their economy, or their form of government, be conservative."
Why Did the Democratic and Republican Parties Switch Platforms?
Abraham Lincoln, the U.S. President and a Republican (left), and Franklin Roosevelt, the U.S. President and a Democrat. The Republican and Democratic parties effectively switched platforms between their presidencies.
On June 16, 1858, the Illinois Republican Party nominated Abraham Lincoln for the U.S. Senate. In his speech Lincoln said: “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved. I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other."