feasting and dancing-Music played a central part in English culture at this time. Manuscripts contain many images of musicians and musical instruments, but also show the range of settings in which music was performed. This included religious rituals such as the daily cycle of prayers performed by monks, and also non-religious settings such as banquets, balls, tournaments and fairs.
Here for your perusal is an original photograph of an Indian Ceremony in which a man is suspended by leather straps attached to sticks in his chest. It was created in 1908 by Edward S. Curtis. The photograph illustrates a Crow man, leaning back slightly, with strips of leather attached to his chest by sticks pierced through his breast. He is tethered to a pole that is secured by rocks. This is all part of the piercing ritual of the sun dance.