"Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American women to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles."
.Ruby Nell Bridges Hall (born September 8, 1954) is known as the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South. She was born in Tylertown, Mississippi but raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. Bridges Hall’s parents volunteered her to participate in the integration of the New Orleans School system and on November 14,1960, at the age of six, she entered William Frantz Elementary School. This was commemorated in the Norman Rockwell painting “The Problem We All Live With.