This is a map of the city states of Sparta and Athens and their allies. This shows how Greece allegiances were divide up in the classical period. They controlled the Aegean Sea and had a powerful defense against the invading Persians.
The Rosetta Stone is a document that was carved in 196 B.C. and honours the Pharoah of Egypt praising him for the good things he had done for the priests and people of Egypt. The document is in three languages - Greek, Hieroglyphic and Demotic.After many years of studying the Rosetta Stone and other examples of ancient Egyptian writing, Jean-François Champollion deciphered hieroglyphs in 1822.