Espalier Fruit Trees for our orchard. Espalier = the horticultural and ancient agricultural practice of controlling woody plant growth originally for the production of fruit,by pruning and tying branches to a frame so that they grow into a flat plane, frequently in formal patterns, against a structure such as a wall, fence, or trellis.
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Permaculture plant guilds combine three or more plants to mirror an ecosystem — producing food, building soil health, and providing food for pollinators. To learn more permaculture principles, check out out Tierra: Online course.
SWALES: The Permaculture Element That Really "Holds Water" - Swales are water-harvesting ditches, built on the contour of a landscape. Swales are flat on the bottom because they’re designed to slow water down to a standstill, eliminate erosion, infiltrate the surrounding area with water, and recharge the groundwater table.