Adélie penguin: Adélie penguins breed and raise their young farther south than any other penguin, on the continent of Antarctica. In September and October—springtime in that part of the world—thousands of Adélies gather on the rocky Antarctic shoreline. The huge gatherings are called colonies. This is where the Adélies breed and raise their young.
11. Little Blue Penguin The smallest species of penguin in the world only grows to about a foot in height. It’s found on the coastlines of Australia and New Zealand, and it’s other nickname is the fairy penguin. They have gorgeous slate blue feathers, are monogamous during breeding season, and usually live 6-8 years. Read more: http://pawsaminute.net/smallest-cutest-animals-of-the-world/#ixzz3S9K3QT8j
"Africa’s one endemic penguin breeds in 27 scattered colonies along the coast of the Western Cape and Namibia, 24 on islands and three on the mainland. Like all penguins, its wings are modified into flippers, which allow great speed and agility in the water but are no use for flight." www.bradtguides.com