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Q) Title page of 1st printed edition of Exsurge Domine. On 15 June 1520, the Pope warned Luther with a papal bull Exsurge Domine that he risked excommunication unless he recanted 41 sentences drawn from his writings, including the Ninety-five Theses, within 60 days. That autumn, Johann Eck proclaimed the bull in Meissen and other towns. Luther publicly set fire to the bull at Wittenberg on 10 December 1520. As a consequence, Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X on 3 January 1521

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip pose with members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police during a tour of Canada, October 1977.

King Henry II of England (1133 - 1189) presents the papal bull Laudabiliter to the Archbishop of Cashel during the Synod of Cashel in Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland, 1172. Engraving by G. Greatbach after H. Warren.

Does The Pope Own The World? TREATY OF 1213. THE DEMONIC POPE claims to own the entire planet through the laws of conquest and discovery. (Papal Bulls of 1495 & 1493) The Pope has ordered the genocide and enslavement of Millions of people. (Papal Bulls of 1455 & 1493) The Pope's laws are obligatory on everyone. (Bened. XIV., De Syn. Dioec, lib, ix, c. vii, n. 4. Prati, 1844 Syllabus Prop 28, 29, 44)

On the day 11th July 1533 – Pope Clement VII excommunicates Henry VIII of England. This has to be the ultimate in the saying, “As one thing comes to an end, another thing begins”. The Start of the Church of England. To find out what Manors or Lordships existing in your area around this time please email us on


View 'The Papal Bull Annulling Magna Carta', a manuscript on the British Library's Magna Carta website.

As the world waits for a new Pope, we explore the Vatican's Secret Archives (with no help whatsoever from Dan Brown)

Detail of the 1198 papal bull issued by Pope Innocent III calling for a new crusade to the Holy Land; the ill-fated Fourth Crusade lasted from 1202 to 1204

the University’s home of Divinity, St Mary’s College. Although officially founded in 1539, the papal bull granting its establishment was received from Pope Paul III in 1538.The New College of St Mary’s was granted under the supervision of the Archbishop of St Andrews, James Beaton, who first approached the Pope about the foundation after his appointment to the See of St Andrews in 1525. Sadly Archbishop Beaton died just a few days after the official inauguration of the College in 1539.


One of the most effective English kings, Edward was also one of Scotland's greatest adversaries. Through his campaigns against Scotland he w...