Pan Am Flight 103 (also known as the Lockerbie bombing) was a Pan Am transatlantic flight from London Heathrow Airport to John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York that was destroyed by a bomb on Wednesday, 21 December 1988, killing all 243 passengers and 16 crew members. Large sections of the plane crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland, killing an additional 11 people on the ground.
On December 21, 1988, Pan Am Flight 103 was involved in a fatal terrorist attack. While on its way from Frankfurt to Detroit, an explosion caused the flight to crash in Lockerbie, Scotland. All 259 people aboard the plane and another 11 on the ground were killed. Libyan leader, Muarmmar Gadaffi, apologized and paid compensation for the attack. It was later found that Gadaffi ordered the bombing.
Pan Am's level of service faltered in the 1970s, and the airline began to lose passengers. To gain a domestic network, it bought National Airlines in 1980, but the merger proved costly. The airline began selling its assets, including its lucrative Pacific routes and the famous Pan Am Building in New York. The bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988 dealt a further blow. America's leading international carrier since 1928, Pan American ceased flying in December 1991.