Operation Torch, November 1942. Planes of USS Ranger (CV-4) en-route to invade French North Africa. Plane captains check over fighters, preparatory to taking off on another raid while the pilots are below being briefed by intelligence officers. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Planes of USS Ranger (CV-4) en-route to invade French North Africa. Plane captains check over fighters, preparatory to taking off on another raid while the pilots are below being briefed by intelligence officers. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. U.S. destroyer cuts through the wake of a U.S. aircraft carrier on patrol, first day of fighting off North Africa, November 8. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. U.S. destroyer cuts through the wake of a U.S. aircraft carrier on patrol, first day of fighting off North Africa, November 8. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. USS Chenango (ACV-28) with Army pursuit planes, P-40’s, on the flight deck during the amphibious force invasion of French North Africa. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. USS Chenango (ACV-28) with Army pursuit planes, P-40’s, on the flight deck during the amphibious force invasion of French North Africa. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Gunnery, 40mm guns, during the U.S. Campaign in North Africa. Gun crews on an aircraft carrier after an “alert” has been sounded on the way to North Africa. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Gunnery, 40mm guns, during the U.S. Campaign in North Africa. Gun crews on an aircraft carrier after an “alert” has been sounded on the way to North Africa. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Planes of USS Ranger (CV-4) en-route to invade French North Africa, November 1942. Aviation Machinist’s Mate 1/C R.M. Price, USNR, offered Aviation Radioman 3/C M.S. Waterson, USN, left $2340 for the latter’s rear seat in a dive bomber but was turned down. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Planes of USS Ranger (CV-4) en-route to invade French North Africa, November 1942. Aviation Machinist’s Mate 1/C R.M. Price, USNR, offered Aviation Radioman 3/C M.S. Waterson, USN, left $2340 for the latter’s rear seat in a dive bomber but was turned down. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Map showing Operation Torch landings in North Africa, 8 Nov 1942. (US Military Academy)

[Map] Map showing Operation Torch landings in North Africa, 8 Nov 1942

Map showing Operation Torch landings in North Africa, 8 Nov 1942. (US Military Academy)

Operation Torch - BackintheUSA - Google+

Operation Torch - BackintheUSA - Google+

WHO-Tube: WW2 - Operation Torch (The Invasion of North Africa) - http://www.warhistoryonline.com/whotube-2/tube-ww2-operation-torch-invasion-north-africa.html

WHO-Tube: WW2 - Operation Torch (The Invasion of North Africa) - http://www.warhistoryonline.com/whotube-2/tube-ww2-operation-torch-invasion-north-africa.html

Operation Torch, November 1942. Sunset over French Morocco on the evening of the day Allied forces invaded North Africa. Dark in the gathering gloom, planes of U.S. aircraft carrier seem to rest beneath their wings on the flight deck of their ship. Photograph released October 27, 1943. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

Operation Torch, November 1942. Sunset over French Morocco on the evening of the day Allied forces invaded North Africa. Dark in the gathering gloom, planes of U.S. aircraft carrier seem to rest beneath their wings on the flight deck of their ship. Photograph released October 27, 1943. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.

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