Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), Sitting Bull (actually Hunkpapa, not Miniconjou Sioux), Swift Bear (Arapaho), and Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)... and Julius Meyer. Taken by Frank F. Currier, Omaha. Indian_Chiefs_1875.jpg (1512×1887)
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.
Red Cloud(Makhpiya-luta)...I am poor and naked, but I am the chief of the nation. We do not want riches but we do want to train our children right. Riches would do us no good. We could not take them with us to the other world. We do not want riches. We want peace and love.