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A very rare condition

Driven insane by your own immune system: One woman's terrifying story reveals how rogue particles in your brain may trigger mental illness

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Mystery of Knut the polar bear cub's death is finally solved

Scientists led by the German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) say four-year-old Knut (pictured) was suffering from 'anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis'.

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Susannah Cahalan: 'What I remember most vividly are the fear and anger'

anti-NMDA receptor autoimmune encephalitis. It's a brain inflammation, caused by an unknown agent or infection, that had first been described just two years previously, and Cahalan was only the 217th person to have been diagnosed with it. The terrifying thing after the event is how close she came to not getting the diagnosis. They caught it at the catatonic stage that "precedes breathing failure, coma and sometimes death". She was lucky. The brain biopsy enabled the right treatment to be…

Written for 3 – 9 year olds, it sensitively tells the story of Gilley a Giraffe who becomes ill with encephalitis. Following his illness Gilley finds many things more difficult and is upset when his friends make fun of him. An explanation of why Gilley has changed turns the situation around and his friends become very supportive.

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The effects of acquired brain injury: an introduction - The Children's Trust for Children with a Brain Injury