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Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, or Moctezuma II, (c.1466-29 June 1520) was the ninth Aztec ruler. He was captured by Hernán Cortés, and killed in the subsequent battles. Details of his death are unknown, though it is commonly believed that he was stoned to death by his own people for failing to protect their city.

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Cuitláhuac, 10th tlatoani of the Aztec Empire, brother of Moctezuma II. After being held captive by the Aztecs, Cortés ordered Moctezuma to ask his people stop fighting. Moctezuma told him that they wouldn't listen to him, and in turn asked him to free his brother Cuitláhuac so he'd convince the people to stop. Once freed, Cuitláhuac led his people against the conquistadors and successfully drove them out of Tenochtitlán on June 30, 1520. After ruling for only 80 days, he died of smallpox.

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El 8 de noviembre de 1519 el emperador azteca Moctezuma II recibió al conquistador español Hernán Cortés en la Gran Tenochtitlán.

Moctezuma II was the ninth ruler of the Aztec Empire. It was during his reign that the first contact occurred with the Europeans, and the empire reached it's maximum size.

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Moctezuma views a magic mirror that foretells that coming of the Spaniards. Was the emperor really ruled by superstition, or was he more practical? Picture from the Codex Florentino

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The Sun Stone (or The Calendar Stone), Aztec, reign of Moctezuma II (1502-20), discovered in 1790 at the southeastern edge of the Plaza Mayor (Zocalo) in Mexico City, stone (unfinished), 358 cm diameter x 98 cm depth (Museo Nacional de Antropología)

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36. Moctezuma II, Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (Moctezuma the Young), 몬테수마 2세, 목테수마 (Moctezma, Montezuma) (c. 1466 – 29 June 1520)

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