Kalach: ring-shaped bread typically served at Christmas and funerals. The dough is braided, often with three strands representing the Holy Trinity. The braid is then shaped into a circle (circle = kolo in Ukrainian) representing the circle of life and family.
A twelve-dish Christmas Eve supper is traditionally prepared in many Eastern European cultures, including Lithuanian, Polish, and Ukrainian (cultures of regions that were formerly part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). Ukrainian: Свята вечеря, Sviata vecheria, consists of twelve meatless dishes representing the twelve Apostles.
The Oplatki a Polish tradition is celebrated at Christmas dinner, Family members and friends break off a small piece of the Oplatki wafer and give it to one another. The exchanging of Oplatki with someone is a symbol of forgiveness for past wrongs and is meant to remind participants of the importance of Christmas, God, and family.