Hieroglyphs on Rameses Colossus in Memphis, Egypt. Was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt. Its ruins are located near the town of Mit Rahina, south of Cairo. (by David Lewis)
Ancient Egypt — Important cities like Memphis and Thebes had to maintain good communications. Other cities, such as the religious centre at Abydos and towns from the Delta and Nubia, also had to remain in touch. Effective transport, using boats and animals, encouraged trade and helped the pharaoh to rule effectively.
Ptah was the main god of Memphis, the capital of Egypt for much of its history. He was the god of artists, craftsmen and masons. The name of his temple in Egyptian was Hwt-ka-Ptah, which the Greeks took as the name of the country - Hikuptah became Aiguptos, or Egypt, which is what we call it today.