THE ELEPHANT DECEASE ~ Man with massive scrotal elephantiasis, Tanzania, early 20th century. Elephantiasis occurs in the presence of microscopic, thread-like parasitic worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and B. timori, all of which are transmitted by mosquitoes. Lymphatic filariasis affects over 120 million people, primarily in Africa and South-East Asia, with about 40 million disfigured and incapacitated by the disease.
Elephantiasis, also known as Lymphatic filariasis is a tropical disease leading to an elephant-like skin swelling of the lower limb and genitals. Infection occurs when filarial parasites ( worms) are transmitted to humans though infected mosquito bites. Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system. Photo by Tropenmuseum Amsterdam.