An antique gold, enamel and diamond-set pendant, circa 1880 in the form of a cross centering a reliquary (empty) with rose and old mine-cut diamonds, lapis lazuli and enamel detail representing four apostles, Mark with the lion, Matthew with the angel (obliterated), John with the eagle, and Luke with the bull
Panagia Soumela or Panagia Soumeliotissa was painted by St. Luke the Evangelist according to tradition. The icon predates the historic Monastery of Panagia Soumela (386-1923), which was built at Trapezounta in Pontus. | The name “Soumela” comes from the Greek phrase “Stou Mela” (i.e. “at mount Melas”) and consequently signifies a particular locality in Pontus. In the Pontic Greek dialect it is pronounced “sou Mela”. Hence the meaning, “Panagia at Mt. Mela”.