The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Last Glacial Maximum - A map of sea surface temperature changes and glacial extent during the last glacial maximum according to the CLIMAP project. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), vast ice sheets covered much of North America, northern Europe and Asia. These ice sheets profoundly affected Earth's climate, causing drought, desertification and a dramatic drop in sea levels. It was followed by the Late Glacial Maximum.