Little is known of Horace Warner and nothing is known of his relationship to the nippers. Only 30 of these pictures survive, out of 240 he took in 1912 of the Spitalfields Nippers, East End London. They originally accompanied the annual reports of the charitable Bedford Institute, Quaker St, Spitalfields as illustrations of poverty, "but that is not the sum total of these beguiling photographs...spirited images of something more subtle and compelling, the elusive drama of childhood itself."
Matchgirls participating in a strike against Bryant & May in London, 1888. The strike was caused by the poor working conditions in the match factory, including fourteen-hour work days and the severe health complications of working with white phosphorus.