The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution, Second French Revolution saw the overthrow of King Charles X, the French Bourbon monarch, and the ascent of his cousin Louis-Philippe, Duke of Orléans, who himself, after 18 precarious years on the throne, would in turn be overthrown. It marked the shift from one constitutional monarchy, the Bourbon Restoration, to another, the July Monarchy; and the substitution of the principle of popular sovereignty for hereditary right.
July Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Marie Antoinette's gold Breguet pocket watch, ca. 1827. It took 44 years to complete after it was first commissioned in 1793. Marie Antoinette never saw the watch through to its completion, as she was sent to the guillotine 10 years before its completion. It is referred to as the Queen/Mona Lisa of watches.
Maximilien De Robespierre (1758-1794) lawyer, politician, & an influential figure of French Revolution. A member of the Estates-General & Jacobin Club, he advocated the abolition of slavery, while supporting equality of rights & the establishment of a republic. He took control of the Revolution in its most radical & bloody phase–the Jacobin republic. During the Terror he was to use the guillotine, creating a 'republic of virtue.' 7/28/1794, he was guillotined without trial.
"Louis-Philippe Going from the Palais Royal to the Hôtel de Ville" (Horace Vernet, 1832, oil on canvas). In the Château de Versailles. The culmination of the French "July Revolution" of 1830, in which King Charles X and the senior branch of the House of Bourbon were deposed. The exceedingly clever and interestingly devious man on horseback in the center, Charles X's cousin the Duke of Orleans, is on his way to be proclaimed King Louis-Philippe I.