John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). The rich and powerful Plantagenet prince. His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimised).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.
John of Gaunt, the Last Medieval Knight. A review of Norman Cantor's The Last Knight.
John O'gaunt - It has a long history and was once the site of a royal hunting lodge (at Rothwell Castle, off Wood Lane). One of the lodge's documented owners was John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, who is supposed to have killed the last wild boar in England while hunting nearby, hence a boar's head formed part of the arms of the former Rothwell Urban District Council.
John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Despite being the grandchildren of Edward III, and next in the line of succession after their father's legitimate children, the Lancasters, the Beauforts, including John Beaufort, were initially barred from succession to the throne.
England’s missing monarchs: Richard III may have been found but
Henry IV (reigned 1399–1413). He was born at Bolingbroke Castle, hence his other name, Henry of Bolingbroke. His father, John of Gaunt, was the third son of Edward III, and enjoyed a position of considerable influence during much of the reign of Henry's cousin Richard II, whom Henry eventually deposed. Henry's mother was Blanche, heiress to the considerable Lancaster estates, thus he became the first King of England from the Lancaster branch of the Plantagenets.
Blanche of Lancaster, Duchess of Lancaster (25 March 1345 – 12 September 1368) was an English noblewoman & heiress, daughter of England's wealthiest and most powerful peer, Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. She was the first wife of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and the mother of King Henry IV of England. It is believed that Blanche may have died aged 22 after contracting the Black Death which was rife in Europe at that time. John of Gaunt held annual commemorations of her…
This silver ornament, known as a 'collar of SS' or 'of esses', is made up of 41 links, each in the form of a letter S. These collars were an emblem of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (1340-99), of his son Henry, who became King Henry IV in 1399, and of the other Lancastrian kings Henry V and Henry VI. Collars of varying degrees of value were presented to those the king wished to honour. A silver collar like this was probably made for someone below the rank of knight. Mid 15th century…
The remains of John of Gaunt's Great Hall, Kenilworth Castle. Henry VII's disputable right to the throne, coming from his maternal side, was descended from one of John of Gaunt's illegitimate children by his mistress, Katherine Swynford. Illegitimate children were almost always barred from the throne unless given legitimate status by the King.