John Bardeen 1972 Born: 23 May 1908, Madison, WI, USA Died: 30 January 1991, Boston, MA, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA Prize motivation: "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory" Field: Superconductivity
Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey, 1947. William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain, co-inventors of the first transistor, initially fought over whose name got to appear on the patent application. This dispute led Bardeen (far left) to leave for the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where the engineering quadrangle would eventually be called in his namesake. However, in 1956 when the trio was honored "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of…
...I became operational at the H-A-L plant in Urbana, Illinois on the 12th of January, 1992 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_from_Urbana,_Illinois John Bardeen, inventor of the transistor; awarded Nobel Prize in Physics (1956 & 1972); winner of IEEE Medal of Honor (1971)
Transistor: John Bardeen won the Nobel Prize for this invention while at Bell Labs, prior to arriving at Illinois. The transistor served as the building block for all of today's electronics. Collage of photographs--receiving his second Nobel Prize in 1972; the first point-contact transistor; Bardeen and his transistor demonstration "box"