Winged human-headed bull Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of Sargon II (721-705 BC) Khorsabad, ancient Dur Sharrukin, Assyria, Iraq High relief and sculpture in the round; gypseous alabaster Louvre Museum. love these things. there are also lovely ones in the British Museum.
Babylonian Map - 600 BCE This artifact was discovered in Iraq close to the Euphrates river in the late 1800s and first published (or written about) in 1899. It has been dated to around 600 BCE. This was the oldest known map for several decades until the Nippur map (see above) was finally published. The Babylonian Map is currently in the British Museum.
The symbol apparently started circulating in Lebanon and has caught on around the world. The symbol is actually an Arabic “n,” which is what ISIS soldiers in Mosul have used to abbreviate Nazara, a term for Christians in the Middle East. Basically, those whose homes are thus marked are subject to death, unless they (a) convert to Islam or (b) pay an oppressive tax to stay alive (all explained here).