Iberian Peninsula in 1157 AD The Reconquista had reached the Tejo river by the end of the 11th century but the Almoravid invasion prevented further expansion southwards. The only noteworthy military actions until mid 12th century happened in the Portuguese border where King D.Afonso Henriques managed to conquer the cities of Leiria, Santarém and Lisbon between 1135 and 1147: an exception in the otherwise stable borders between Christian and Muslim territories during the same period.
Roman conquest of Hispania ~In 218 BC the first Roman troops invaded the Iberian Peninsula, during the Second Punic war against the Carthaginians, and annexed it under Augustus after two centuries of war with the Celtic and Iberian tribes and the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian colonies, resulting in the creation of the province of Hispania. @Jess Pearl Pearl Pearl Liu zheng.wikipedia.org
Since the Basque language is unrelated to Indo-European, it has long been thought to represent the people or culture that occupied Europe before the spread of Indo-European languages there. A comprehensive analysis of Basque genetic patterns has shown that Basque genetic uniqueness predates the arrival of agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula, about 7,000 years ago.