The Lewis Chessmen, probably made in Norway, about AD 1150-1200. At this period, the Western Isles, where the chessmen were buried, were part of the Kingdom of Norway, not Scotland. It seems likely they were buried for safe keeping on route to be traded in Ireland.
*William the Conqueror, King of England (1028-1087)-The descendant of Viking raiders, he had been Duke of Normandy since 1035 under the style William II. After a long struggle to establish his power, by 1060 his hold on Normandy was secure, and he launched the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son.
Aerial view of Lindholm Hoje, a Viking cemetery in Denmark close to the city of Aalborg. From this angle you can clearly see the stone grave markers which surround many burials with the symbolic silhouette of a ship. Like many other Indo-European cultures, the Vikings often associated death with a journey over water, an ships were also very important in daily life.