Declaration of Arbroath Plaque. This document basically declared that the rule of Scotland was not determined by the pope, or even by God, but by the people of Scotland. It stated that Scotland had always been free (longer than England, in fact), and that any so-called king that threatened to deprive men of their natural rights did not deserve a throne. Robert the Bruce had set them free and was their choice, and Bernard begged the pope to recognize him which he did.
The course of British, European and world history was changed here at Culloden on 16 April 1746. It was here that the Jacobite army fought to reclaim the throne of Britain from the Hanoverians for a Stuart king
Stone of Scone or the Stone of Destiny. Legend says that the stone was used as a pillow by Jacob in biblical times, it is thought it was brought to Scotland in the 9th century, and it was used as part of the crowning ceremonies of the kings of Scotland. It was stolen by Edward I of England in 1296 and remained under the Coronation Throne is Westminster Abbey in London for 700 years. It was finally returned to Scotland in 1996.
Culloden (Gaelic Cùl lodain) - site where the Jacobite cause, fighting to put a Stuart on the throne, suffered its mortal wound 16 April 1746 & "Bonnie Prince Charlie" had to flee to France & never return to Scotland. After Culloden, everything about the Highland way of life was banned - the claymore, the bagpipe, & even the wearing of tartans. Fortunately, the ban on tartans was lifted in 1782, & in 1843 Queen Victoria appointed the first "personal piper to the Sovereign" of Great Britain.