PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT signs the "Neutrality Act", or Senate Joint Resolution No. 173, which he calls an "expression of the desire...to avoid any action which might involve [the U.S.] in war." The signing came at a time when newly installed fascist governments in Europe were beginning to beat the drums of war. In a public statement that day, Roosevelt said . . . . - -August 31, 1935 (SEE: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fdr-signs-neutrality-act.)
Some of the key figures and moments from FDR's "Good Neighbor Policy" with pictures of key leaders (like Trujillo in this pic). Could use to help students understand US policies towards different regimes and countries in the 20th century and motives. Includes links to FDR's speeches on the topic. In English. Accessed Jan. 30, 2016.
Sitting Bull, Lakota Sioux. "It is through this mysterious power that we too have our being, and we therefore yield to our neighbors, even to our animal neighbors, the same right as ourselves to inhabit this vast land."
Lazaro Cardenas | Cardenas nationalized Mexico's oil industry in 1938. The move was seen as a way to gain economic independence and became the first test of FDR's Good Neighbor Policy. The U.S. sought settle the division over American oil companies in Mexico in 1940 because of the Nazi threat in Europe.
"Agrarian Leader Zapata." Fresco by Diego Rivera, 1931. This painting is one of many that were displayed in a Museum of Modern Art exhibition in 1940 entitled, "Twenty Centuries of Mexican Art." This growing appreciation of South American art is yet another example of the Good Neighbor Policy in action.
Franklin Roosevelt Speech Outlining His Good Neighbor Policy - This speech from 1936 further illustrates FDR's motives originally outlined in his first inaugural address. Roosevelt speaks of being a "good neighbor," employing negotiations and economic incentives, rather than using a heavy hand to protect U.S. interests throughout the world.
Diplomacy Map-These are the territories that once resented the U.S. and their constant interventions in Latin American affairs. After the Good Neighbor Policy was in effect, this resentment lessened and the relationship was much better.