During both World Wars, many civilian women took up jobs in agriculture, replacing those men who went to war. The women who worked for the Women's Land Army (WLA) were commonly known as Land Girls. In forestry, Women's Timber Corps were known as Lumber Jills. At the height of the First World War the Land Army had a full-time membership of 23,000 members. The number exceeded 80,000 during the Second World War.
Parisian-rebel Simone Segouin, also known by her nom de guerre “Nicole”, with a German submachine gun MP-40. She killed an unknown number of Germans and captured 25. She was present at the fall of Chartres, on August 23, 1944, and liberation of Paris. She was promoted to lieutenant, and awarded the Croix de guerre.