Nikolaus “Klaus” Barbie (25 October 1913 – 23 September 1991) was an SS-Hauptsturmführer (rank equivalent to army captain) and Gestapo member. He was known as the “Butcher of Lyon” for having personally tortured French prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. After the war, United States intelligence services employed him for their anti-Marxist efforts and also helped him escape to South America.
The interior of the Gestapo prison in Koeln. Prisoners were forced to run these stairs while whipped by guards. Prisoners stripped the paint from the doors where the American officer is standing as a result of going mad from Allied air raids.
After 65 years in the shadows, the Indian heroine of Churchill's elite SOE spy network is to be recognised with a statue in London
Noor Inayat Khan, the British agent who ran a spy network in Paris. For ten months she was tortured by the Gestapo desperate for any information about SOE operations, but she stood firm and was eventually executed at Dachau concentration camp on September 13, 1944, aged just 30.
Violette Szabo – “The Bravest of Us All”, an undercover secret agent for the SOE (Special Operations Executive) in Occupied France during World War Two. After completing two special missions, she was captured by the Germans and executed in 1945.
The oldest surviving inmate of the Dachau concentration camp died at the begining of April 2013, aged 100. Leon Stepniak, a Polish priest, was arrested by the Gestapo in 1940 in the village of Klebowiec.He spent the next five years in Dachau, a site in south-east Germany which was the first concentration camp to be opened by the Nazi goverment.
Nancy Wake - Known as "The White Mouse" to Nazi agents, Wake was one of the most notorious members of the French Resistance, working on numerous sabotage operations and organizing more than 700 Resistance members into a guerilla fighting force. She was the Gestapo's most wanted spy, with a five-million-franc bounty on her head, and she once killed an SS sentry with her bare hands to prevent him from raising an alarm. A true hero.
On 2 July 1942, most of the children of Lidice, a small village in what was then Czechoslovakia, were handed over to the Łódź Gestapo office. Those 82 children were then transported to the extermination camp at Chełmno 70 kilometers away. There they were gassed to death. This remarkable sculpture by by Marie Uchytilová commemorates them. Yet what had they (and their families) done to warrant such an end?