Dr. Frederick Sanger (13 Aug 1918 - 19 Nov 2013) "British biochemist, "Father of Genomics," who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry twice, the only person to have done so. In 1958 he was awarded a Nobel prize in chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin". In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids.""
In memoriam of Frederick Sanger, 1918-2013. Dr Sanger, died on Tuesday 19 Nov 2013, aged 95, was the quiet giant of genomics. A truly remarkable man, he was the only person to have won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry twice, in 1958 & again in 1980. Obituary here: http://www.sanger.ac.uk/about/people/biographies/fsanger.html (via The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute)
"When I was young my Father used to tell me that the two most worthwhile pursuits in life were the pursuit of truth and of beauty and I believe that Alfred Nobel must have felt much the same when he gave these prizes for literature and the sciences.", Frederick Sanger