Charivari, or shivaree, started as a French folk custom, going back to the Middle Ages. It was originally a mark of disfavor—for example, if the neighbors thought a widow had remarried too soon. But in the American West, the shivaree was all in fun. One writer describes the shivaree as a combination of trick-or-treating, fraternity hazing, and Christmas caroling. The participants would gather at nightfall to wake the newlyweds, then the fun would begin.