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The Man Who Wrote the Pledge of Allegiance

Originally composed by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and formally adopted by Congress as the pledge in 1942


“The Bellamy salute, first demonstrated on October 12, 1892, was described by Francis Bellamy to accompany the American Pledge of Allegiance...

Changing the flag salute

Until Dec 22, 1942, this is how Americans saluted the flag. It was amended to the hand over heart method. We can imagine why...


Pledge of Allegiance, officially recognized by Congress Dec 28, 1945. In 1892, part of national patriotic school program, 37-yr-old minister named Francis Bellamy composed Pledge of Allegiance. We are asked to put our right hand over our heart during the Pledge of Allegiance as a sign of respect.