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main characteristics Gothic: flying buttresses, windows with tracery, piers composed of colonettes or shafts bundled around a core. Skeletal system vs. mass of wall necessary in Romanesque architecture. Big windows vs small windows. emphasis on the VERTICAL.

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chapter 9 flying buttress: were diagonal arches that provided support to the structure. It became a major design feature on French cathedrals.

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Photo: ICEHOTEL (Asaf Kliger), Flying Buttress design by AnnaKatrin Kraus, Hans Aescht

The delicate vaulted ceilings of Malbork Castle in Poland. These ceilings are another feature of gothic architecture.

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Flying buttress in York, England - Photo by mikeuk / E+ / Getty Images