Modern period swords of different types. First 13 (2 and half rows) are transitional 16th century forms from arming swords to side swords towards a basket hilted sword. 14th sword is a Scottish basket hilted claymore, almost all the rest are Venetian Schiavone, then the last row and one sword before that are rapiers.
Kendo (剣道 kendō?), meaning "Way of The Sword", is a modern Japanese martial art of sword-fighting descended from traditional swordsmanship (kenjutsu) which originated with the samurai class of feudal Japan. Swordsmen in Japan established schools of kenjutsu (the ancestor of kendo) which continued for centuries and which form the basis of kendo practice today.