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Fatimid Flask Reliquary,Culture: Mount: European, Flask: Fatimid (Egypt) Date: Mount: 14th century, Flask: 11th–14th century

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Lot 100 is a rock-crystal chess piece from 11th-century Egypt, which must have belonged to a set carved for a distinguished figure in the Fatimid or Abbasid Caliphate (est £80-100,000). How such a tiny nugget of beauty, just 4cm high, managed to survive down the centuries is simply astonishing.

Caliphate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On 29 June 2014, the militant Islamist group formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant declared territories under its control in Iraq and Syria to be a Caliphate, and demanded all Muslims pledge obedience to its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, whom it referred to as Caliph Ibrahim