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Enrico Fermi 1938 Born: 29 September 1901, Rome, Italy Died: 28 November 1954, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: Rome University, Rome, Italy Prize motivation: "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons" Field: Nuclear physics


Complete end of WWII: After the US bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan eventually surrendered to the US, finally ending WWII on September 2, 1945.

from BBC News

The element that causes arguments

Enrico Fermi with electronic equipment for the University of Chicago's particle accelerator. In 1942 a team from the American Manhattan Project, led by the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi, built the world's first nuclear reactor on the floor of a squash court on the campus of the university of Chicago. It was known as "Chicago Pile-1" and Fermi used it to create the first self-sustaining chain reaction.

Enrico Fermi (1901 - 1954): developed first nuclear reactor (Chicago Pile-1), contributed to quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics, awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity.


Albert Einstein and Robert Oppenheimer: Led by General Leslie Groves and theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the team included scientific geniuses like Neils Bohr, who fled Germany to avoid making the bomb for Hitler; Enrico Fermi, credited with creating the first atomic fission reaction; Richard Feynman, a mathematical savant. With outside help from others, such as Einstein, the team set to work.