Enrico Fermi was an Italian theoretical & experimental physicist, best known for his work on the development of Chicago Pile-1, the first nuclear reactor, & for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear & particle physics, & statistical mechanics. Along w/ Robert Oppenheimer, he is referred to as "the father of the atomic bomb".
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Along with Enrico Fermi, he is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons.
Enrico Fermi 1938 Born: 29 September 1901, Rome, Italy Died: 28 November 1954, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: Rome University, Rome, Italy Prize motivation: "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons" Field: Nuclear physics
Nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi won the 1938 Nobel Prize for a technique he developed to probe the atomic nucleus. He led the team that developed the world's first nuclear reactor, and played a central role in the Manhattan Project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II. In the debate over extraterrestrial intelligence, he is best known for posing the question 'Where is everybody?' during a lunchtime discussion at Los Alamos National Laboratory. His question was seen as the basis…
Albert Einstein and Robert Oppenheimer: Led by General Leslie Groves and theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the team included scientific geniuses like Neils Bohr, who fled Germany to avoid making the bomb for Hitler; Enrico Fermi, credited with creating the first atomic fission reaction; Richard Feynman, a mathematical savant. With outside help from others, such as Einstein, the team set to work.