Dada or Dadaism was an art movement which began in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter. It was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I. Dada rejected reason and logic, prizing nonsense, irrationality and intuition. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed in a variety of media.
Giacomo Balla (1871–1958) was an Italian composer and painter. Around 1902, he taught Divisionist techniques to Umberto Boccioni and Gino Severini Influenced by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Giacomo Balla adopted the Futurism style, creating a pictorial depiction of light, movement and speed. He was signatory to the Futurist Manifesto in 1910, and began designing and painting Futurist furniture, also created Futurist "antineutral" clothing.