Greeks, Armenians and Bulgarians living in Crimea were forced to leave. During World War II the area came under German control and the sizeable Jewish population was annihilated. After the Soviets regained control the entire population of Crimean Tatars, who had at one time made up a majority of the region, were forcibly deported. Russian families were settled in Crimea to replace them. In 1954 Crimea was transferred from Russia to Ukraine.