The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq). Sumer was often called the cradle of civilization. By the 4th millennium BC, it had established an advanced system writing, spectacular arts and architecture, astronomy and mathematics. The origin of the Sumerians remains a mystery till this day.
KOM OMBO / TEMPLE / PHAROAH AND OFFERING (Upper Egypt), Temple (double sanctuary, dedicated to the crocodile god Sobek and the falconheaded Haroeris; Ptolemaic and Roman period). Detail of sacrificial scene: Pharoah with offering. Relief on wall of colonnade hall.