Carved emerald circular box. Mughal India circa 1635. An identical cypress is carved on each panel. Similar boxes made of various precious materials appear in Indian miniatures from the early 17th century on. They could have been for medicines (including opium, a Mughal panacea) or to hold even more precious objects, such as uncut diamonds.
Eleven oval gold cells, each containing a highly polished cabochon emerald, were soldered together to form this ring. The emeralds are closely matched in color and clarity. Roman emeralds found in jewelry are typically cloudy and with many inclusions, and they were most often used in their natural crystal form rather than polished to a cabochon (convex) shape.
Greece. Hellenistic Gold Necklace with Pendant. Circa late 4th-3rd Centuries B.C. A loop-in-loop chain beautifully displays the disk pendant with a cabochon garnet centrally set within a shield-like convexity. A similar necklace can be found and described inCatalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etuscan, and Roman, in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum, by Marshall, #2062. 18 1/4 in. (46.4 cm. in length). Weight: 15.1 grams.