Black Coyote, Lakota Sioux. One version of events claims that a deaf tribesman named Black Coyote was reluctant to give up his rifle, claiming he had paid a lot for it. A scuffle over Black Coyote’s rifle escalated and a shot was fired which resulted in the 7th Cavalry’s opening fire indiscriminately from all sides, killing men, women, and children, as well as some of their own fellow troopers. (Photographer unknown / No date)
Survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. [left to right] Brothers White Lance, Joseph Horn Cloud, and Dewey Beard . Joseph Horn Cloud was about sixteen years old when he witnessed the Wounded Knee massacre on December 29, 1890, two other brothers, Frank Horn Cloud and Earnest Horn Cloud also survived, his parents, two brothers, and a sister were killed.
Geronimo (June 1829 – February 17, 1909) was a prominent leader of the Bedonkohe Apache who fought against Mexico and Arizona for their expansion into Apache tribal lands. "Geronimo" was the name given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers. ~ Quanah Parker (1845 or 1852 – February 23, 1911) was from the Comanche band Quahadi, and emerged as a dominant figure, particularly after the Comanches' final defeat. He was one of the last Comanche chiefs.